ROOT CANAL TREATMENT

1.WHAT IS ROOT CANAL TREATMENT?

Root canal (or endodontic) treatment is a type of dental procedure that is performed to save the tooth from extraction when the pulp or nerve of the tooth is damaged by inflammation or infection. The inflammation or infection can be caused by deep decay, trauma due to dental procedures on the tooth or an accident involving facial trauma, fracture or chip on the tooth or faulty crowns or fillings The inflamed or damage pulp tissue is removed during root canal treatment. The inside of the tooth is cleaned, disinfected and filled with a material called gutta percha. The tooth is then restored with a crown or filling to protect from further damage.

2. WHY DO I NEED ROOT CANAL TREATMENT?

The pulp, the soft core portion of the tooth contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. When the inflammation and/or infection of the pulp caused by fracture or deep cavity causes bacteria to invade the pulp tissue. This bacteria will cause an infection and/or tooth abscess to develop which will lead the pulp to die. Patients frequently experience severe pain due to the damaged pulp. Subsequently, bone loss and infection of the bone will occur around the tooth and will damage the adjacent tooth eventually if the bone loss spreads. The tooth will need to be extracted if the bone loss becomes to severe, which will lead to problems with chewing and changes in the bite.

Root canal treatment can help to alleviate and eliminate the tooth pain caused by the damage done to the nerve and save the tooth from being extracted. This gives the advantage for the patient to maintain normal biting force and sensation of the tooth and to chew efficiently

3. DOESN'T ROOT CANAL TREATMENT HURT?

The public image portrayed of root canal treatment is generalized as being painful and uncomfortable. However this perception has begun decades ago before the advancement of anesthetics and modern technology. When the patient is numbed properly, the procedure will have no more discomfort than having a filling placed. Most patients have described the procedure as being painless or with minimal discomfort.

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