Dental implants


A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that replaces a missing tooth (or teeth). They are made out of titanium which is strong, light and biocompatible. Titanium and other titanium alloys are most widely used metals in dental and other bone implants. Titanium is able to take place and fuse in the bone through a process called osseointegration, which is the fusion or joining of titanium and bone structure. This is the foundation for the success of dental implants. The implant is placed in the bone during a single visit to the dentist and then an average period of 3-4 months are required for the body to accept the implant. After the implant is integrated with the bone in the jaw then an abutment (piece that connects the implant to the crown) is placed into the implant and a crown is restored to finish the process.


People who have lost single or multiple teeth generally are good candidates for dental implants. People who have lost all their teeth and rely on dentures for chewing and speaking. For these patients = implants used to support dentures (overdentures) brings an incredible improvement in chewing and speaking capabilities. It is very important that you are in good health as well as there are certain medical conditions and diseases that can affect the success of dental implants. For example, smoking, advanced gum disease (periodontitis) , diabetes,etc may affect the way implants integrate with your bone. It is important to have a thorough examination done with your health history reviewed with your dental surgeon. All these factors will examined in detail at your initial examination in the office.


When a tooth is lost, the surrounding bone structure that housed the tooth begins to shrink. In general, there is a 25 % decrease in width of bone during the first year after tooth loss and decrease in height over the next few years. The bone needs teeth to provide stimulation to maintain its shape and density. Unfortunately when the tooth is extracted and the socket is empty there is no more stimulation. Because dental implants fuse to the bone and prevent further bone loss. Dental implants can preserve this process and stop the loss of bone Traditionally, many dentists prepared a bridge to "fill in" the lost spaces when teeth were extracted. This involved cutting down and preparing teeth next to the empty spaces for crown preparation. A widely used and popular procedures it has the drawback in that sometimes healthy teeth may have to be cut down to make a bridge during this process. A great quality of dental implants is that NO adjacent teeth will have to be cut or reduced in anyway to restore the empty space in-between teeth.

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