BONE GRAFTING

WHAT IS A BONE GRAFTING PROCEDURE?

Bone grafting (or bone augmentation) is a term for various procedures that use bone or bonelike materials to graft to the jaw. The type of graft is either your own bone or processed bone from a cadaver. Generally it is utilized in situations where the bone inside your gum does not have the width, length or density to be ideal for implant placement or if bone has been damaged due to chronic infection

WHERE DOES THE BONE COME FROM?

The bone graft material can be from your own bone or processed bone from a cadaver, cow or synthetic materials. The grafted bone stimulates the surrounding bone to grow into the graft or changes the cells around the graft to bone. The graft from your own bone can come from the chin or back part of your lower jaw (ramus). The hip of shine bone can also provide an excellent source but will require a hospital stay. Generally most patients prefer to have processed bone.

WHAT HAPPENS AFTER THE BONE GRAFT IS PLACED?

After placement of bone graft a period of usually four to five months is necessary prior to implant placement. There is a short healing period usually from 1 to 2 weeks for the site to heal after the procedure. Most cases patients experience only mild discomfort that lasts for a few days. After four to five months of the time allotted for the bone to regenerate around the bone graft a radiograph is taken to ensure the bone is ready for placement of implant. If it is ready, an implant can be placed that day and later restored with a permament crown usually three to four months down the line.

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